Would a proportional representation voting system be a “better” choice for our House of Representatives? (What do we mean by “better”?)

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2509LHS – Media, Politics & Public Opinion
Essay topics: 35% – Due Thursday Week 10 (6/10)

Write 2,000 words, in clear scholarly prose, and essay – with a cover page, introduction
(containing a clearly identifiable argument), body, conclusion and reference list – on one of
the following topics. Use in-text references (APA style) generously. You must attribute
everything borrowed from other sources and put verbatim quotes in quotation marks.
– 6 references (excluding textbook, scholarly)
– builds on your annotated bibliography
– contain a little page, an introduction with a clearly identifiable argument, a body, and a
conclusion
NB: You must not write an essay on the same topic as your oral presentation.
1. What are the key national identities with whom Australians have traditionally identified?
How does ‘real’ Australia differ from these myths?
2. Compare and contrast the theories and ‘world views’ of Walter Lippmann and John
Dewey. Is one more useful than the other in understanding democracy and communication
today? (cite and refer to the authors’ original works)

Description

Electoral Council of Australia and New Zealand (2013) define proportional representation as a voting system that helps in electing multi-member electorates candidates. Proportional representation system uses a larger district as opposed to a smaller one that is used in single candidate voting system. The winners of the multiple member elections are determined by the proportionate number of votes each party receives during the elections. For instance, in a district where there are ten representative posts, a party that acquires 50% of the total votes gets five representatives while another one with 30% of the votes gets three representatives and if another one gets 20% it gets two posts. The system discards the winner take all system where only the candidate or party with majority votes gets elected and the others are ignored. Parliament of Australia (1999) argued that there are myriads of flaws in the Australian electoral system where only the people voting for winning candidate gets to be represented in the congress while the rest of the voters who, at times, may be the majority do not get represented. It is on this basis that the parliamentary issue called for changes in the electoral system to ensure that there is proper representation of the people in both lower and upper houses. While senate has implemented the proportional representation, the house of representation is yet to change the electoral system.