Why was the 1942 Beveridge Report important?


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The 1942 report by William Beveridge on Social Insurance and Allied Services involved unlimited review of Britain’s social services. Beveridge report chiefly proposed for a universal scheme of social insurance that covered areas like family allowances and unemployment benefits (Schweinitz 1961, p. 227). It aimed at universal security from poverty through the establishment of a financial safety web. The emphasis of the report also laid in the significance of full employment. It was received with great enthusiasm with hundreds of thousands of copies of the report being sold. However the wartime coalition government was reluctant to implement it, instead of carrying out the full recommendations of the report. In early 1943 the House of Commons debated the report, when the Labor Party revolted against coalition unwillingness to execute it.