The basic assumption that led to the origin of the feminist movement is that women suffer certain injustices on account of their sex. Feminism argues that historically, women have experienced male oppression. Feminist claim that the playing ground in all aspects of life (political, social and economical) is always tilted in favor of men. The whole lot of claims that women have put forward to justify that they are oppressed can be grouped into five major concepts: Patriarchy, Discrimination, Gender stereotypes, economic dependency, and emotional work.
According to feminist, the world is patriarchy society. Men dominate the society and oppress women for their gain. The support of this view, women claim that while men engage in gainful work, women are assigned house chores with no pay. One of the founder critical voices in feminism movement, Betty Friedman, capture this feeling so well when she claimed that middle class women were imprisoned by their ‘domestic responsibilities as homemakers and mothers’. Friedman solution was that ‘women had to leave the household and join the work force, where a new identity could be found’ (Landolt, 2001:2). Friedman argued that the women had to break way from the confines of home and family and venture into the public realm. These would relieve her from the bondage of the family, i.e. children and husband.