What is Criminology?

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What is Criminology?

What is Criminology?

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Issues regarding crime, criminal justices, social justices, and others are innate concerns to any society in the world. The 19th and 20th centuries have been described as the violent centuries in the world history (Newburn, 2004). The two centuries have witnessed world wars, genocides, ethnic cleansing, money laundering, scams, and many other types of crimes. It is from the rise in these crimes in these centuries that there has been development of systematic study of crimes leading to emergence of field of criminology.

 

What is Criminology?

Therefore, criminology is a field of study that deals with issues focusing on crime. It looks into crime from different perspectives ranging from the causes of crime, prevention, social control, and punishment, treatment and rehabilitation of criminal offenders (Schmalleger, 2004). Criminology takes a multidisciplinary approach to the study of crime applying scientific principles in the process.