The coca plant, from which the drug cocaine is derived, is indigenous to South America. During the 19th century, the United States adapted the cocaine as a new drug for a variety of purposes such as in teas, cigarettes, local anesthetics, in cough syrups and other remedies. In spite of its positive effects, its abuse could still be realized in the negative behaviors like street violence by its consumers. Currently cocaine use is more prevalent than it was in 19th century with its use more widespread in North and Latin America. It therefore deemed necessary for the U.S government to form policies and Acts in regulating its use. However, these efforts face many challenges that an intelligent mind would consider the drug under-regulated even if the law is against willful possession, cultivation, manufacture and selling.