Throughout the history of the world, politics and social-economic life of the people have been closely interwoven in a way that they all affect each other. Politics define people way of life and interaction with their leaders which to some extent determine how member of a certain nation are going to interact with each other and with other people from other nations. According to Gleason (1995) Politics defines the legislative framework under which people are governed outlining the mandate of the citizens and their obligation towards the state and towards each other, while at the same time outlining the mandate of the state towards its citizens. Forms of government and leadership in the world evolved over the years from a monarchial systems to less monarchial and republic governance systems. However the political history of the world records that there have been two prominent forms of governances. These two influential governance styles are democratic government which is currently used in majority of nations in the world and totalitarianism which is still used in some countries in the world although in very few countries. However it has been argued that due to rigidity in the definition of the term totalitarianism, some governments which are considered democratic are actually totalitarian. In this paper we are going to look at totalitarianism and totalitarian governments in the world. Before we look at some of the totalitarian government in the world, let us first understand the term totalitarianism and its characteristics.