Chance is though by many people as something that happens unpredictably without apparent human actions. However, James Austin shows in ‘Four Kinds of Chance’ how individuals influence some kinds of chance. Austin demonstrates in his classification and division that chance plays critical roles especially when individuals react creatively with their environment and with ne another. Chance an important role in the process of discovery according to Austin. His four kinds of chance include; dumb luck, good fortune that befall the active worker, good luck that befall a trained individual, and luck which is created by individuals.