The whole research paper should be about diabetes. There should be a long intro and conclusion. The body paragraphs should be for example: paragraph #1- definition of diabetes (this can also be part of the intro paragraph, paragraph #2- symptoms, paragraph #3- causes, paragraph #4- treatment, paragraph#5-prevention. The research paper should be in third person with no person shifting unless you are your own evidence in a body paragraph. The Research paper should be 4-6 pages, approximately 1200-1500 words, with at least five different sources with a Works Cited page. Please cite the source in the essay (at the end of the sentence for example: author last name and page number) and in the works cited page. No more than 15% of the paper can be from outside sources, either directly quoted or paraphrased! These sources may be of any type, such as Internet, books, magazines, CD-Roms, newspapers, personal interviews, reports, and others that fit your subject matter.Do NOT have a cover page. Do not break it into sections and have headings for introduction and so forth. It should be one continuous paper with no section headings and no abstracts. There should be no bulleted or unbulleted lists. The entire paper is in prose. If a chart or graph is used, it should be in end notes, not in the body of the paper. Please ask if you are not sure of these instructions as they pertain to your paper. Paragraphing rules from other papers still apply with five sentence minimums in every paragraph and so on. As usual, consult the reference text for help on organization, development, and other information.

You will never use a quote or a question in your thesis statement or in any of your topic sentences. These must be your ideas, not someone else’s. The idea in a research paper is that you are making a point with a controlling idea that is supported by the research in the body of the paper but NEVER in your thesis or topic sentences!


The rules of paragraphing remain the same in a research paper as they are in any other paper for my class. Every paragraph MUST have a MINIMUM of five sentences. Try to balance them so you don’t have one paragraph that is vastly longer than the others. It makes the others look weak and under-researched. Here, if you have never outlined before, it is a good idea to start. Research papers that haven’t been outlined are pretty easy to spot because too much space is devoted to one section and the other sections are glossed over. If you find that you are saying a great deal about one aspect, maybe you should re-evaluate the topic and spend the whole paper on that one section and develop it. Also, remember that a longer paper requires a longer intro and conclusion to balance it. You can definitely have more than five paragraphs in a research paper, but keep to your outline, and be aware of balance as you develop your paper. Don’t be afraid to change your focus as you write and then go back and change your intro if you discover that your paper is going in a different direction than you planned. That’s what revision is all about!


Here is where it is a judgement call. I don’t want to see huge paragraphs all being a quote from someone else. No more than 15% or so of the paper should be quoted. Then, it looks like all you are doing is pasting quotes together. I want it to be mostly YOUR writing with facts, statistics, certain opinions, and so forth quoted to support your statements. You should have, as a ball park figure, I’d say at least two quotes from each source you list, so that would be a minimum of eight to ten quoted citations in your paper that will be documented in your Bibliography.
Please make sure the thesis statement is the last sentence in the first paragraph. Please make sure there are 2 quotes from each source (minimum 8-10 quote citations), all topic sentences are related to the thesis statement. Please also use GOOD TRANSITIONS between paragraphs. Please make sure there are NO RUN-On sentences. Thank you.


Diabetes mellitus is the fifth largest killer disease in the world. Every year, diabetes kills thousands of people while others are incapacitated by complications arising from the disease including amputation of the limbs due to neuropathy.  Diabetes is a condition that is mainly caused by inability of insulin hormone to function properly leading to problems in control of blood sugar. There are different types of diabetes including Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. The disease is caused by different factors including genetic and lifestyle factors. It can be managed through different ways including insulin injection, diet, and exercise. Diabetes was a major concern for the developed world but today, diabetes it is a public health concern all over the world with recorded rising cases of diabetes even in developing countries. Due to the threat posed by the disease, there have been several high level and local policy initiatives including promotion of healthy eating habits and regular exercises to mitigate the effects of the condition but little has been achieved. Diabetes is a public health concern and it will need individual efforts to curb the condition.