The Ottoman Empire is among the largest as well as longest empires that have ever lasted in history. This empire was inspired and sustained by Islam religion and Islamic institutions. It extended from Morocco in North Africa to the deserts of Arabia and Iraq. It reached its heights under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent and during this time it is indicated that Ottoman reached its golden age. Suleiman ruled from the year 1520 to 1566 and during this period of time this empire was able to get a lot of influence in the whole of North Africa and Southern Europe. The decline of Ottoman Empire was recorded when it was defeated in the year 1571 at the battle of Lepanto whereby it lost its entire navy.