THE ARGUMENTATIVE RESEARCH ESSAY

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FRESHMAN ENGLISH CAPSTONE ESSAY
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE ARGUMENTATIVE RESEARCH ESSAY (ESSAY 4)

LENGTH
The final draft of this essay will be 5 – 7 pages (excluding Works Cited Page)
AUDIENCE
This essay should be directed toward the community at large. Diverse cultural, ethnic, educational, and political backgrounds must be considered. You may assume a common, concerned interest in the health and sustainability of the community.
FORMAT
As with all essays in this course, you must use Modern Language Association Format for the document. When citing sources, you must use MLA Documentation Style that you reviewed earlier in this Learning Unit.
OVERVIEW
The organization of this essay will be similar to Essay 3 (The Argumentative Essay) in that you will have in introduction; evidence paragraphs in support of your thesis; a refutation paragraph identifying, discussing, and refuting the opposition; and a concluding paragraph. This time, however, your supporting evidence paragraphs will be enriched and strengthened by the facts, opinions, and ideas of other writers and experts. Also, your position will pertain to one of the topics or issues relating to sustainable agriculture, business, or communities that you have identified and explored in earlier assignments in this unit.
Once you commit to a topic, you may modify your position, but must avoid changing the topic itself. It is crucial that you work through all the stages of writing on a single topic. As you inform yourself about the topic from reading sources, you may discover that your position alters and perhaps changes all together as you weigh authoritative evidence. This is not necessarily a sign that you are not working well on this assignment! Indeed, the willingness to weigh evidence and gain new insights is a valuable skill for a college thinker and critical reader. During your initial reading on the topic, leave yourself open to these new ideas and information. Avoid becoming too rigid about the particular position you wish to defend until you have gathered as much data and facts possible.

 

NUMBER OF SOURCES REQUIRED
You will need a minimum of 5 varied sources. Books, articles, and Internet sites are appropriate sources. Wikipedia, Encyclopedias and dictionaries are not considered valid sources for college research, even though you may certainly consult them in order to get a general sense of your topic.
KEEPING RECORDS
IMPORTANT: Be sure you keep careful and accurate records of your research. In the event that I have any questions regarding the authenticity and/or accuracy of your sources or your documentation, you must be able to provide a record and evidence of your efforts.

Description

Urban solid waste and environmental problems have been recognized worldwide by local governments. For urban towns to realize social and economic growth, the problem of solid wastes should be solved. There has been a heated debate on whether solid waste management should be privatized or left for publics. The main issues arise on costs incurred and effectiveness as well as safety. Some people have argued that when the activities of solid waste management is privatized, costs are lowered, efficiency increases, and safety is boosted. On the other hand, the opponents of privatization of solid waste management indicates that the government has the effective and required mechanisms of managing wastes in urban areas hence curbing environmental degradation. This study examines whether privatization of solid waste management helps in improving the environment and the quality of services provided.