Stem Cell Research Legislation
Stem cells are present in all multi-cellular organisms. These cells are characterized by their capability of renewing themselves through a process called miotic cell division where they distinguish into a varied range of particular cell types. In the current world, the stem cell research has developed at very high rate resulting from the findings of Ernest McCulloch and James Till. There are two broad categories of mammalian stem cells which include the embryonic and adult stem cells. The embryonic stem cells are typically isolated from the inner cell mass of the blastocysts while the adult cells are mainly found in adult tissues. In the Unite states of America, a number of lawsuits have been filed concerning the concept of stem cell research issues. A good example here is the year 2001 where a lawsuit was filed in federal court aiming to spot the federal funding of human embryonic stem cell study. In the United States of America, president Gorge Bush voted for two stem cell enhancement bills but they never passed and hence despite their names they remained as bills not acts (Atala, 2008).