Soil & Water Conservation

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Description

Soil & Water Conservation

Soil & Water Conservation

Soil conservation refers to a collection of management strategies which aim at preventing the soil against erosion from earth’s surface or preventing soil against any form of degradation resulting from chemical contaminations, acidification, overuse or salinazation.

Soil & Water Conservation

It can also mean that the capability of soil of supporting life is well protected (David 2004). In this context, soil structure, fertility, availability, depth, organic matter, water holding capacity, versatility and soil productivity is always maintained and protected from any form of degradation as well as ensuring the availability of soil macroscopic and microscopic organisms (Elrashidi 2011).

Soil & Water Conservation

Soil conservation involves various practices which include avoidance of fire use in clearing lands, crop rotation, tilling across the sloppy lands, planting of cover crops, setting of grass strips within the farming land, rotational grazing, mulching and establishment of wind brakes. All these would result in stable, fertile and productive land (David 2004).