Sociological Perspectives of Drug Criminalization

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Sociological Perspectives of Drug Criminalization

Sociological Perspectives of Drug Criminalization

 

A great deal of controversy exists in the definition and general agreement of the extent to which a substance remains as pure substance before being branded a drug. The concept ‘drug’ has been the subject of wide debate as sociologists’ attempts to strike a common definition.

Sociological Perspectives of Drug Criminalization

The definition of a drug today, according to Professor Erich Goode (1972) is a social fabrication and a cultural artifact. There is no chemical standard for depicting a substance as a drug, yet the society has encrypted its own standards that it uses to classify heroine as a drug and morphine as a therapeutic substance.

Sociological Perspectives of Drug Criminalization

From the perspective of the study of crime, several premises are alluded to in the definition of a crime. The first premise argues that an act can only be referred to as a criminal act depending on the meanings attributed to the act. This implies that an act cannot be criminal in itself, that is, its criminality depends on the meaning attached to it.