Social Bonding Theory
According to Blagg & Valuri, social bond theory emphasizes on the importance of togetherness in social activities and attachment to social units in the society like families, institutions, work places and commitment to social norms among others. The social bonding theory in relation to crime prevention model is concerned with preventing crime by repairing the social damage and problems that it assumes lie beneath criminal activity. It focuses on the ‘root causes of crime’. The model assumes that criminality is as a result of social disorganization and disintegration. Since the problems lie within society, it is logical that the solutions to these problems also lie within society and the various local communities. As an example, this model explains crime involving robbery in terms of “developmental and community problems” Social factors like poverty, high population, as well as association with criminals and racial heterogeneity may lead to this crime. These factors deny the community members a means of exercising social control thus becoming more susceptible to crime. To eliminate these problems, there is need to set up policies which support those groups in society who need it.