There are different causes of diseases or infections that lead difference in severity of diseases. In this case, diseases can be caused by germs or parasites which are disease vectors. For instance, parasitic diseases are caused by disease vectors while fungal infections are caused by fungi germs. When the cause of a disease is known it becomes easy to treat it than when it is not known.
Fungal infections are caused by a germ called fungus. Fungal infections are easy to treat since fungi do not spread below the skin. Human beings despite that they fear fungal infection, have a lot of fungi that live on their skin al all time. In some cases, these fungi do not cause any problem but may change and cause infections (Richardson & Warnick, 2003). The most common fungal infections that human beings experience include; Tinea versicolor, Tinea cororis, and Jock itch among others. Tinea versicolor is a fungal infection that is caused by yeast that in most cases restrains the skin. The yeasts usually reside in the stratum corneum as well as hair follicles. Some of the predisposing factors of the yeasts are; cushing’s diesese, pregnancy, malnutrition, and removal of the adrenal gland. This disease can occur at any age but commonly occurs in early adulthood and in adolescence when sebaceous glands are more active. This disease can be treated in different ways (Richardson & Warnick, 2003). One way is use of tropical antifungal medications since the yeasts restrains the top layer of the skin. This may have side effects of damaging the liver and/ or affecting the estrogen levels. Oral antifungal medications are used in case where rashes are extensive. Despite that the pathogenic yeasts are eradicated through medications, the hypopigmentation may persist for a long time until melanin is produced by the melanocytes.