Research Proposal


see attached for instructions.


Television and other forms of screen media, such as computer games, are common forms of entertainment at home.  Although research evidence and recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics clearly dissuade exposing children below 2 years to screen media, a recent national survey documented that about sixty eight percent of children below 2 years are exposed to screen media in a day (Duch, Fisher, Ensari, and Harrington, 2013).  The typical screen time in most homes is 2.05 hours daily. Also, children are also exposed to more screen time in daycare and in other home-based care set ups (Duch et al., 2013). Research evidence documents that excessive screen time exposure is unhealthy to children under two years of age, but there is little background evidences on the effects of screen time exposure for children below five years. The existing evidence combineschildren in this age bracket with those older than 2 years, which is a major challenge considering that the toddler years have special growth and development needs compared to the other years (Olszewski, 2015).  One of the reasons why the toddler/infant age should be considered different from the later childhood age is because toddlers are dependent on their parents on exposure to the screening media and in many other activities compared to older children.