The knee-jerk policies targeted on punishment and retribution has left us with a correction system that is overburdened. This has resulted in a clogged system and escalating crime and violence. With the limited resources, all inmates cannot be locked up for th3e better part of their lives. Hence recidivism must be addressed by making the correctional syte4m to focus majorly on rehabilitation.
The article selected for this topic explores the effects of incarceration on the individual and the community, and proposes methods to reduce recidivism. The position paper forms part of a study by Earl Carl Institute on legal and social policy. It was authored by Professor James Beard, the then president of the institute’s Board of Directors, in collaboration with some of his colleagues. It commences by discussing the impact of education on prisoners, and continues to describe the USA as the leading country in imprisoning its citizens. The article gives statistical analysis of prison profiles in Texas, New York and California. Finally the value of education in reducing recidivism by empowering offenders is proposed to complement disciplinary policies.