The overriding theme in these readings is the concept of race and how it is created rather than being natural. Jacobson and Brodkin are open on the issue of race, both acknowledging that race is an important social classification factor as we know it today, but may not be anchored on nature. They authors are more concerned with the use of race, not based on physical features, but based on shared culture. For example, although Jews share same characteristics with the Caucasian race, they have been historically discriminated based on their cultural practices. If race was based on shared physical features like the color of skin, hair, eyes, and others, Jews could not have been racially discriminated historically. In his review of the “Whiteness of A Different Color,” Jacobson (n.d.) argues that race is a creation of human differences rather than being a naturalized occurrence. Although the author acknowledges the possible biological differences between different racial groups, the author acknowledges the role of human creations in the concept of race. This is evident in a number of statements like, “As races are invented categories – designations coined for the sake of groups and separating peoples along lines of presumed differences – Caucasians are made nor born” (p.4). In support, Brodkin (n.d.) looks into how Jews become white folks, acknowledging they have been classified differently throughout their history, with the classification changing according to their role in the society.