Public healthy| Learning log 1&2, Extending public smoking bans

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Tobacco is one of the most important public health issues internationally and claims more than 15,000 lives in Australia alone every year. It can also be controversial because it raises the issue of who is responsible for people smoking. On the one hand, some commentators argue that responsibility for whether people smoke rests with the individual and is a matter of personal choice. On the other hand, some commentators argue that responsibility lies with governments, particularly in relation to young people. The latter emphasise those factors outside the control of the individual which limit choice or prevent certain actions. Calls for governments to regulate tobacco marketing, tax tobacco and ban smoking in public places are associated with this view.

THE ASSESSMENT

This Assessment on government intervention and tobacco control provides you with the opportunity to:

  • critically analyse the responsibility of government in tobacco control interventions
  • practise effective reading strategies
  • demonstrate consistent and accurate use of a standard referencing system
  • take a position on smoking bans in public places and support it in written form.

You are required to submit:

  1. Reading logs for two articles.
  2. Three or four fully referenced paragraphs, written in your own words in which you present a coherent argument for government intervention to extend public smoking bans (~500 words).

ASSESSMENT MATERIALS

To complete this Assessment you need the following articles which can be found by searching the Library databases.

Please note we have not used a standard referencing format to refer to these articles because we wish you to do that as part of this assessment.

  1. Changes in child exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (CHETS) study after implementation of smoke-free legislation in Scotland: national cross sectional survey by Patricia Akhter, Dorothy Currie, Candace Currie and Sally Haw published in British Medical Journal in September 2007
  2. Article by Karen Jochelsoncalled Nanny or Steward? The role of government in public health published in Public Health in 2006
  3. Implications of a Public Smoking Ban by Mark Lemstra, Cory Neudorfand Johnmark Opondo in Revue Canadienne de Sante Publique in January-February 2008
  4. Public support for tobacco control policy extensions in Western Australia: cross-sectional study by Michael Rosenberg, Simone Pettigrew, Lisa Wood, Renee Ferguson and Stephen Houghtonin BMJ Open in February 2012
  5. At the frontier of tobacco control: A brief review of public attitudes toward smoke-free outdoor places by George Thomson, Nick Wilson and Richard Edwards published in Nicotine & Tobacco Research in June 2009
  6. Implementation of a Smoke-free Policy in Subsidized MultiunitHousing: Effects on Smoking Cessation and Secondhand Smoke Exposure by Barbara Pizacani, Julie Maher, Kristen Rohde, Linda Drach and Michael Stark in Nicotine & Tobacco Research in February 2012

Library information on using databases can be accessed through the following link: Search for Journal Articles

TASKS

Please read the instructions carefully and have the above articles downloaded and available to refer to.

Task A: 2 x Reading Logs (10 marks – 5 marks for each reading log)

A reading log is a way of reading academic literature which uses the common structures found in the types of academic literature which your lecturers value most highly. Refereed journal articles, chapters from a sole authored book (not textbooks) and chapters from edited books (not textbooks) have a hierarchical structure which is built around an argument or hypothesis.

The reading log gives you the opportunity to learn an efficient way of reading which allows you to isolate the argument of a piece of reading and use it as a framework to separate important ideas from supporting detail.

Apply the following steps to reading the article by George Thomson, Nick Wilson and Richard Edwards (Reading Log 1) AND the article by Michael Rosenberg, Simone Pettigrew, Lisa Wood, Renee Ferguson and Stephen Houghton (Reading Log 2) and present your work under the headings 1-6 listed below.

Note that your reading logs should be about 1-1½ pages long each.

  1. Reference

Give the complete end text reference for the article in APA 6th referencing format. If you need assistance with referencing go to: Curtin Library Referencing Guide

  1. Argument or purpose

Read the abstract. Put the reading aside. In 1-2 sentences and IN YOUR OWN WORDS, write down the author’s argument or main purpose.

Now read the conclusion. In many readings you will find that the argument or purpose is restated in the conclusion. Check that you are still satisfied with what you have written or revise if necessary.

  1. Academic Credibility

Write 3-4 sentences about the quality of the research on which the article is based.

To assess whether the reading is well researched and academically credible, look through the reference list. Are there references to articles in refereed journals? Journals with a volume and issue number are usually refereed. Are any books listed published by recognised academic publishers (Polity, Blackwells, Routledge, Curzon, Macmillan, Palgrave, Sage or any of the university presses such as Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, Princeton University Press)? Are at least some of the references relatively recent (last ten years)? This is not to suggest that material published more than ten years ago is not credible and valuable. What you are assessing is whether the writer is familiar with current research on the topic. Are reports and working papers from a variety of sources (UNAIDS, national governments, reputable non-government agencies, independent think tanks, academic research centres, and international institutions)?

  1. Headings within the material

List the headings and subheadings indicating their different levels by using indents or bullet points. Read over the list and think about what you think might be in each section. Include the list in your log but you only need to reflect on this latter part.

  1. Reading a section

Go back and read over what you wrote at step 2. In a well written article all of the sections in the text will contribute to establishing the argument or purpose.

Look at the first section (Introduction/Background). Read only the first sentence of each paragraph in this section and answer the following questions:

  • What does the section deal with? (1 sentence)
  • How does the material in the section relate to the author’s argument or purpose? (1-2 sentences)
  1. Reading in depth

Using the technique above, choose one section of the article which you think is most relevant to the paragraph task (Task B below) on government intervention and smoking. This is most likely the Introduction or theDiscussion.

Read the first paragraph in that section and then put the article aside. In your own words think of a full grammatical sentence which expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Write the sentence in the margin next to the relevant paragraph or in your notes. Repeat the process for each paragraph in this section. You should write only ONE SENTENCE for each main idea.

Read over the sentences looking to see how they are connected to each other and the argument of the article. In your log, combine the sentences into a paragraph.

Note: We want the main idea of the paragraph and not just the general topic.

Now look over the paragraph you have written and see if the sentences follow on logically from each other. Do they support the overall argument that you identified at step 2 (you should reflect on this – no answer needs to be provided in text in your log)?

  1. Review (Extra step for reflection only)

Now that you have completed the log, look back at your original statement of the argument and think carefully if the main ideas support it. Ask yourself how you will use the material you have just read to complete the paragraph task. (You do not need to write anything for this part.)

TASK B: Paragraph writing (15 marks)

Based on your reading of the articles we have provided above, we would like you to present a coherent argument FOR government intervention to extend public smoking bans. Present your argument and support it from the above literature in three or four well structured, fully referenced paragraphs (plus a short introduction and conclusion).

You are not required to source additional references or material. Please only use the references we have provided you above.

Include a reference list with the full reference for your paragraphs using the APA 6th referencing system. Use the format for a journal article to provide your reference.

Referencing is tedious and requires patience and discipline but it is not difficult. Do not try to remember how to reference. Always have your referencing guide by you when you are writing a reference and make sure you follow it exactly. The alternative is to use Endnote (referencing software that automatically formats your references).

 

Description

Learning log 1&2,

Introduction gives how smoke free areas have been implemented in other countries such as the US, Britain, Ireland, Australasia among others and how this is the new frontier in tobacco control. It sets the tone of what should be expected in the next pages. The method section discusses the 16 identified studies on the attitudes of the public on implementation of smoke free public outdoor areas. Results offer that there is massive support for smoke free outdoor public places for various reasons. Discussion gives reasons for enhanced support is reduction of smoking role models for children and reduction of smoking opportunities for children. Further researches are advocated for policy evaluation in regard to attitudes.

 

 

Extending public smoking bans.

Argument for government intervention to extend public smoking bans

Extending public smoking bans has yielded lots of controversy between the cigarette manufacturers and smokers in one side and the government and anti-smoking crusaders on the other side. Studies have shown that passive smoking is as dangerous as active smoking. In this regard, measures have been formulated on banning smoking in public places, despite resistance from the manufacturers. Owing to the detrimental effect on public health, the government should extend public smoking bans to safeguard as a matter of public health concern.