Psychodynamic Theories

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Psychodynamic Theories

Description

Psychodynamic Theories

Psychodynamic Theories

ANSWER


This far multiple theories of counseling and psychotherapy have been covered. But, there is particularly a group of theories that resonates much with specific individual- psychodynamic theories in my case.  This task will therefore focus on the core assumptions about human nature and therapeutic change that I share in common with psychodynamic theories.  Psychodynamic theories are based on the classical work Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis.   However, psychodynamic approach as a whole incorporates all theories that are based on Freud’s ideas such as Jung, Adler, and Erik Erikson (Ahles, 2004). Psychodynamic approach   is based on a number of key assumptions. These are: human behavior and feelings are greatly influenced by unconscious drives;  human behavior and feelings as adults are caused by childhood experiences; all behavior (especially unconscious) has a cause and therefore all behavior is determined; personality consists of three parts (tripartite)-the id, ego, and superego;  components of the unconscious mind (the id and superego) are in regular conflict with the mind’s conscious part (the ego) which leads to anxiety that is often dealt with using defense mechanisms; and  human personality is shaped as the motives are modified by various conflicts during childhood (Ahles, 2004; Corey, 2013).