Topic 4 – Positive Socio-Cultural Impact
Cultural attractions play a critical role in tourism including heritage tourism cultural tourism, wine and food tourism, creative tourism and dark tourism. Socio-cultural tourism comes with major positive impact on the host community including peace, healing conflicts, reconciliation, and community development. Socio-cultural tourism has played a critical role in the advancing understanding the growing global multicultural societies. Through cultural tourism, communities learn about the other, protects local heritage, and also helps in renaissance of the indigenous cultural arts.
Too general. Don’t list these tourism outcomes. You don’t need to do so.
Paragraph 1 – Start with the key argument here – different levels of social outcomes by the tourism industry, ranging from the individual community level to social justice. What you agree/disagree
P2 – You need to come with another example – relating to an individual social outcome
Community empowerment, using another example
P3 – Social justice issue – using Rwanda example – very good
Each society has unique cultural way of dealing with issues and communities can learn from the other. In his paper, Nkabahona (n.d.) illustrate the role of tourism in resolving long standing community conflicts. The author shows that in Rwanda, reconciliation has played a critical role in healing the wounds of conflicts. Through using tradition methods of conflict resolution disputes are amicably settled. Contrasting the Rwanda and Iraq scenario, the author shows that the reason why conflict in Rwanda was easily resolved while the same conflict continues in Iraq is because of the unique conflict resolution model of Gecaca court that uses traditional means of conflict resolution.
Tourism has played a critical role in heading the wounds of 1994 genocide Rwanda. According to Alluri (2009) tourism has played a critical role in peace building in Rwanda. Since the genocide ended tourist companies have been making inroads to help in peace building and post-conflict reconstruction. Increased tourism activities have increased job opportunities and income generation that has helped individuals become self-reliant.
In Rwanda, the underlying cause of the genocide was related to socio-cultural issues. Post-conflict, the Rwanda genocide creates war artefacts that were placed in war museums where tourists from all over the world have been coming to witness the horrors of the conflict. Rows and rows of human bones and clothes are displayed in these museums. Those who come to view the artefacts contribute to economic development through expanding employment and business opportunities. . Gorilla tourism and emergence of luxury hotels in Rwanda has inspired more people to visit the country and in the process helping the country to emerge from the dooms of war.
P4 – conclusions
Therefore, tourism plays an important role in social-cultural growth. Tourism helps in conflict resolution. The case of Rwanda is a good example where tourism has helped the country to recover from the effect of 1994 genocide.
You need to concentrate on one/relevant concepts (e.g. social outcomes in this case). You need to provide at least 2 examples for stronger vs weaker outcomes of tourism relating to your chosen concept.