Positive Psychology as a Non-Pharmacological Treatment for Symptoms of Fibromyalgia Syndrome

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Positive Psychology as a Non-Pharmacological Treatment for Symptoms of Fibromyalgia Syndrome

Positive Psychology as a Non-Pharmacological Treatment for Symptoms of Fibromyalgia Syndrome

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Fibromyalgia Syndrome affects more than six million in the United States of America. According to Jones et al (2002), fibromyalgia syndrome affects 2-4% of the populations in the industrialized countries. Three quarters of the affected individuals are females. This disease is mostly characterized by fatigue, widespread neuromuscular pain, and non restorative sleep as indicated by Patkar et al (2003). The etiology of this disease as put forward by Lemstra et al (2005) is not known with its symptoms varying on daily basis from one patient to the other. Malterud (2000) mentions that, fibromyalgia syndrome is characterized medically unexplained symptoms since currently there are no laboratory tests that confirm symptoms existence. As a result of the elusive symptomology, it has become very difficult to diagnose this disease. This therefore results in patients being transferred to many physicians in the process of seeking treatment. During this process, patients usually become depressed as a result of lack of understanding and often unexplainable conditions they experience. The fact that these people are stressed up they lose meaning to life. These patients feel that they are not adequately cared for by family members and health care providers. They therefore withdraw from relationships, get depressed, become unconfident, increasingly lose self esteem, and lack sense of self.