The political orientations between the urban poor and the rural poor in Brazil are different in many ways. In this case, the political orientations are addressed in terms of integrated set of beliefs and attitudes of the poor Brazilians living in the rural areas and urban areas. The characteristics of political orientations inn Brazil are demonstrations, social movements, involvements of people in political aspects like vying for any post in the government or in the local organizations, and distribution of resources like land, social amenities like education, medical care and financial institutions. This study will be guided by a thesis statement stated as; the political structure in Brazil adversely affects the rural poor more than the urban poor. This study will address the activities that the poor people living in rural and urban areas in Brazil undertake that are politically oriented. In doing this, the comparison and contrast of the political orientations of the urban poor to that or the rural poor in Brazil will be analyzed (Schlosser & Kersting, 2003).