Federal Emergency Support Functions (ESFs) is designed to provide a working structure for coordinating interagency support in response to emergencies. ESFs utilizes a mechanism for grouping different functions that are frequently needed in providing Federal support to states or Federal-to-Federal support in all emergencies declared under the Stafford Act and non-Stafford Act. ESFs for oil and hazardous material responses are outlined in ESF#10.
The main purpose of ESF #10 for oil and hazardous material responses is to detail the ways for providing Federal support, responding to actual or a potential discharge or the release of oil and other hazardous materials, when it is activated. ESF#10 is activated in response to the National Response Framework (NRF) as defined by the Stanford Act, and at the discretion of the Secretary of Homeland Security or in response to Federal-to-Federal support. Apart from the Stanford Act, the response may also be elicited by the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP), which is a regulation bearing force of law as defined by 40 CRF Part 300 (FEMA, 2015). ESF#10 provides for a coordinated effort of multiple organizations when one organization cannot handle the task required. The mechanism for coordinated actions is clearly defined in ESF#10. The primary agencies include the United States Environmental Protection Agency, U. S.