Ketosis is the state of the body where there is elevated level of ketone bodies as a byproduct of fat metabolism. Fats play important roles in the body and one of the most important roles is as an alternative source of energy when there is depressed supply of carbohydrates. Ketosis process is therefore important since it helps the body to meet energy supply but it has negative effects.
Ketosis is a state of elevated ketone bodies in the blood. This occurs when the liver breaks down fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies in event of depressed energy in the body. Ketone bodies are used as alternative energy supply to glucose and results when fat is converted to energy. Ketosis is common especially in diabetic individuals. The common systems of ketosis include nausea, vomiting, breath odor, and breathing difficult. However the most common symptom that identifies ketosis is a sweet smelling fruity acetone breath. Ketosis can also be identified using a laboratory urine test which use ketone testing strips for blood acidity test. Ketosis can be induced by different condition. It can occur after fasting, after along exercises or after consuming a lot of fats. Ketosis can also be caused by reduced intake of carbohydrates or due to lack of insulin which deprive body cells of glucose. It can also result from inborn metabolism errors or due to alcohol intoxication. Negative side effects of ketosis include nausea, vomiting, anorexia, infections, lack of appetite, constipation, and many others.