Although everyone working in a healthcare facility has the overall duty of protecting and saving lives, they are trained in different way how to achieve this, but eventually work towards the same goal. The two broad areas in health studies are nursing and medicine. In a way, nursing falls under medicine since the general study is referred to as medicine. However, there has been an intense debate on the differences between nursing and medicine with some arguing of the convergence of their role while others argue of divergence of their roles. However it is important to understand that medical personnel have been given a particular role to play in restoring and bettering the health of the patient. While all work together as a multidisciplinary team, they occupy different areas of the patient care continuum. The main difference between nursing and medicine stems from theoretical orientation in education. However studies have shown that these theoretical orientations have started to manifest in the field although the differences are usually downplayed. In order to bring into focus the difference between nursing and medicine, this paper will trace the theoretical orientation of the two and how these learning models impact on how nurses and doctors handle patients.