Negative Impacts of Wildlife Tourism – Conflict Over Land Use

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The conflict between community and wildlife in game reserves and national park is a hallmark of negative impacts of wildlife tourism. Communities that boarders game reserves, especially in the developing countries where tourism is not well developed, is well documented and sometimes marked fatal injuries and deaths when people and wildlife comes into conflict (Das & Guha, 2003). This epitomizes the challenges facing the allocation of land resources where the pressure from the growing population and growing urbanization is slowly eating into the areas reserved for wildlife and other tourism attractions.

One of the outcomes of conflict over land use is the preference for wildlife and other tourist attractions over the welfare of human beings. A good case of pressure from urbanisation and land use planning is Nairobi National Park, which is located at the heart of Nairobi City, Kenya. For many years, the park has existed side by side with the city, but as the city population swells, the demand for land in the national park has increased. In the recent past, a part of the national park was hived-off to pave way for construction of standard gauge railway, which resulted in human-wildlife conflict.

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Assignment 2
1) Selection of special interest tourism
Special interest tourism includes nature-based tourism, cultural tourism, city tourism, rural tourism, spa/
wellness tourism, food tourism etc.
2) Selection of tourist destination as a case study site
You can select one or two specific destination(s) that offer your chosen form of tourism (Please Do NOT choose
the same destination/country or special interest tourism topics which you chose in other tourism/event courses).
3) Selection of strategies
You need to analyse various implications (strategies) for managing the positive or negative impacts of special
interest tourism and achieving the goals of sustainability.
Your case study report should discuss the arguments on key concepts, theories, models and ideas relevant to a
particular form of tourism that you choose. Make sure you communicate clearly and concisely about how the
key concepts and ideas are applied differently to real cases and situations in order to develop your own
analysis and back up your argument.

 

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The conflict between community and wildlife in game reserves and national park is a hallmark of negative impacts of wildlife tourism. Communities that boarders game reserves, especially in the developing countries where tourism is not well developed, is well documented and sometimes marked fatal injuries and deaths when people and wildlife comes into conflict (Das & Guha, 2003). This epitomizes the challenges facing the allocation of land resources where the pressure from the growing population and growing urbanization is slowly eating into the areas reserved for wildlife and other tourism attractions.

One of the outcomes of conflict over land use is the preference for wildlife and other tourist attractions over the welfare of human beings. A good case of pressure from urbanisation and land use planning is Nairobi National Park, which is located at the heart of Nairobi City, Kenya. For many years, the park has existed side by side with the city, but as the city population swells, the demand for land in the national park has increased. In the recent past, a part of the national park was hived-off to pave way for construction of standard gauge railway, which resulted in human-wildlife conflict.