Week 3 – Negative Impact of Tourism
While tourism is presented as panacea to economic problems facing most developing nations, this is always a misguided approach because tourism comes with a number of negative impacts. (No need for introductory and general intro;
Focus on one issue/concept – you mixed up a few issues/concepts here
Paragraph 1 – start with the argument on a key concept
Some countries have overemphasized the importance of tourism thereby neglecting other important economic sectors. For example, large areas are left for national parks and game reserves instead of being put into useful economic activities. The seasonality of tourism affects job opportunities and income in areas that specifically focus on tourism. In addition, most local people fail to benefit from tourism in terms of employment due to expatriates inflow. Ideally, tourism is supposed to provide economic benefits through trade and job opportunities to the local community, but this is not always the case.
Paragraph 2 – Focus on negative outcome (e.g. leakage/lack of benefits to the local economy) as one of the outcomes.
You must compare stronger vs weaker negative outcomes of tourism relating to local/regional development
You addressed only one aspect. Condense this down in brief and add your critical points
One of the most observable trends in most areas with tourist attraction is the limited benefits that locals get from tourists (Pearce, 2008). This was confirmed by Goodwin and Roe (2001) in their study of fair-trade tourism around national parks in south east Zimbabwe which showed that local communities do not access such opportunities. Taking an example of famous tourist attractions like Maasai Mara in Kenya, the surrounding communities are in constant fight with the wild animals and they end up killing them because they get very little benefit from the tourists who visit the park (Chacha, 2016). In other words, although the local community sacrifices their economic activities like cattle grazing in order to sustain the wild animals that attract tourists, what they get is constant killing of their cattle by lions. They realize very little economic benefits from tourists because tourist only come and spend money on hotels located deep inside the park. This week’s topic puts such a scenario into limelight. The topic outlines the reasons why the local communities like Maasai’s of Maasai Mara do not benefit direct from tourism activities. The reasons including limited spending because there are limited outlets and limited variety of handcrafts, difficulty using credit cards or changing money because these areas are very remote with limited access to modern payment platforms, low vary crafts, and few facilities like banks, shops, and others.
Paragraph 3 – Missing another comparative point here
You need another weaker negative outcome of tourism relating to lack of benefits to local/regional development, using examples, arguments and critical points.
Paragraph 4 – conclusions
Therefore, although tourism has potential for major economic impact directly or indirectly, there are weak linkages that make it an industry for the few. More should be done to increase the linkages in such a way that the poor will also benefit from industry.