Over the years, the social set up has defined the roles that each gender should play in the household. Mothers have been associated with the duty of nurturing children at home while fathers have been given the duty of providing for the family. But the changing world has seen reverse in these roles and more mothers have been engaged in the workplace while a few fathers have remained back home looking for their children. The Civil Rights Act 1964 was one of the most important acts that achieved gender equality which saw many women enter into the labor market. Mothers have increased the number of hours spent in the work place. From 1970 to 2000 the number of mothers working for more than 50 hours a week increased from 5.2 to 11.3 compared to men 21.0 to 26.5.