In the case Menora v. Illinois High School Association, the plaintiff is Moshe Menora and others while the defendant is Illinois High School Association. The plaintiffs, who are two high schools in Chicago and members of the interscholastic basketball team sue the Illinois High School Association for prohibiting their male Jewish basketball players to wear yarmulkes when playing. They plaintiff argues that that this amounts to infringement of their religious freedom as provided for in Orthodox Jews religion, which means the action of the defendant forces the students to choose between participating in interscholastic games and religious observance. The Illinois High School Association’s rules prohibit players from wearing hats or any other headgear apart from a headband, which is wider than two inches, to avoid injuring players who might trip if it falls. Jewish religion does not prescribe the nature of a headgear or the precise way in which it should be fastened. The district court upheld the suit stating that the defendant is an arm of the state that should not make rules that violate exercise of freedom of worship. However, the Court of Appeal 7th Circuit argued that plaintiff did not prove any violation of their First Amendment rights but proposed that the plaintiff should liaise with the defendant to find a more secure way of covering the head while playing.