Iraq, country in the Middle East that has been central to three wars since 1980. Some of the world’s greatest ancient civilizations—Assyria, Babylonia, and Sumer—developed in the area that now makes up Iraq. The modern state of Iraq was created in 1920 by the British government, whose forces had occupied it during World War I (1914-1918). The country is officially named the Republic of Iraq (Al Jumhūrīyah al-‘Iraqia in Arabic). Baghdād is the capital and largest city.


Iraq is a country situated in the Middle East and has been part of Ottoman Empire and was colonized by British. She has been home to major civilization like Assyria, Babylonia, and Sumer. The modern day Iraq was created in 1932 after attaining independence from Britain. However, the country became a republic in 1958 with Baghdad as the capital city of the country (CIA Fact book, 2009). Iraq has a long history of participation in major wars.