This research essay critically evaluates the works of Francis Fukuyama in his journal article “The End of History” and answers the question what the author meant by the end of history. This research essay also indicates whether the author, Fukuyama, was correct to suggest that the end of the Cold War was in fact the end of history. In answering these questions, this research borrows from a multidisciplinary approach because the debate touches among political science, history, and philosophy among other disciplines in social science. The best way to attempt the research essay is to address how the ideas of Fukuyama have contributed to the contemporary thinking as well as the criticisms vetted on these ideas by contemporary thinkers who gave different views challenging the suggestion that the end of the Cold War signified the end of history. According to the analysis of Huntington (2011: 49) the September 9, 2011 attack was as a result of Islamic fundamentalism. This is one of the forces that drive global politics especially in the post war era. These contemporary thinkers assume that Cold War was not the end of events but as concept used to demystify the end of ideological revolution among humans. In doing this, this essay is planned into two sections; first, supporting the ideas of Francis Fukuyama and second criticizing the ideas of Fukuyama from the perspective of the modern thinkers. Thus, the whole essay borrows from a wide range of sources from the disciplines named above.