Ideal Parenting Style

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Ideal Parenting Style

Ideal Parenting Style

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Attachment theory can be described as a psychological, evolutionary, and ethological theory relating to human relationships between humans.  The most important tenet that defines the attachment theory posits that a young child needs to develop a close relationship with at least one of the caregivers in order to develop socially and emotionally in a normal way.  According to Bowlby, attachment is an emotional bond that is formed between two people.   John Bowlby described attachment as a “lasting psychological connectedness between human beings”.  He believed that earliest bonds that re formed by children with their caregivers are likely to have a tremendous impact that will continue throughout the life (Bowlby, 1953).   Bowlby (1993) argued that attachment also keeps the infant close to the mother thereby improving the chances of survival of the child.  The central theme to the attachment theory is that mothers who are more available and responsive to the needs of their infants are more likely to establish a sense of security.  The infant understands that the care give is dependable, thereby creating a secure base for the child to explore the world.  This theory posits that infant behavior that is associated with attachment is primarily the seeking of proximity to a given attachment figure especially in stressful situations.  Infants will become more attached to adults who are response and sensitive to their need and who remain their consistent caregivers for few months during the first two years of life.  Children will more likely use attachment figure or people who are familiar to them as secure base to explore and to return to.  The way the parent respond to the needs of the child leads to development of the patterns of attachment   which will later lead to an internal model guiding individual feelings, thoughts and expectations in the relationships they build in later life.