Among the primaryreasons why the United Nations (UN) was formed was protecting and enhancing human rights in the world (Pattison, 2010). Although the organization has been critical in formulation of policies and strategies to enhance and protect human rights in the world, it has faced many challenges. The need to ensure state sovereignty is one of the main functions of the UN and has always posed a limitation to the UN in protection of human rights when a state is unable to protect the rights of its citizens (Weiss, 2012). It was not until 1995 that the UN realized there was a need to evaluate its modalities in ensuring individual sovereignty. The international community was heavily criticized for failing to intervene to stop the Rwandan and Srebrenica genocides and atrocities although they were preventable (Evans, 2009). Based on the criticism and assessment of the two cases of human rights violations, a change of norm in addressing such acts was deemed inevitable. To address such issues, the Rome Statute was adopted in 1998, which was followed by the formation of the International Criminal Court (ICC) whose mandate was to prosecute the architects of genocide, crimes against humanity, as well as war crimes (Bellamy, 2010). In addition, International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty was formed to come up with modalities on how the international community could intervene in situations where there was gross violation of human rights and individual sovereignty (Evans, 2009). After wider consultation, ICISS published its report that is known as the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) (Bellamy, 2010). At the core of R2P is explanation of sovereignty as a responsibility.