The Human Resource Management (HRM) is an organizational function that is designed to deal with matters about the employees. The functions of HRM are entrusted with the Human Resource Department (HRD), which may be a standing department or a departmental unit within the organization. In carrying out the HRM functions, HRD performs among other roles employee recruitment and orientation, employee training and development, rewarding, appraisal of employee performance, and many others (Johnason, 2009). Every organization has employees and where there are employees there are certain employee-related functions that must be performed. However, not all organizations have a working HRD, and these functions are either trusted to the managers or few individuals integrated within the other departments or the organization outsources the functions altogether. Therefore, to understand why some organizations succeed without an HRD, an exploratory analysis will review the strategic roles of HRD to know if the department is a must or organizations can succeed with it.