Clinical mental health counseling has evolved as a profession over the last 100 years. This unit will provide an introduction and overview of the history of the profession and the creation of clinical mental health counseling as a specialty. You will learn the key components of community and agency counseling that contribute to the professional and ethical identity of clinical mental health counselors. The code of ethics and standards of practice related to being a clinical mental health counselor also are addressed.
To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:
1. Explain how current trends in clinical mental health counseling stem from the history and philosophical foundations of the counseling profession.
2. Explore attitudes, beliefs, understandings, and acculturative experiences to promote understanding of self and culturally diverse clients.
3. Explore how ethical standards of professional organizations and credentialing bodies impact the application of ethical and legal considerations in professional counseling.
4. Utilize public policy, accreditation standards, and accepted practices of the clinical mental health counselor to identify ethical violations.
5. Analyze the roles and functions of human services professionals that provide effective mental health services to clients of diverse ages, backgrounds, and exceptional abilities, including strategies for differentiated interventions in this setting.
Learning Activities Studies Readings
Use your Orientation to the Counseling Profession text to read:
• Chapter 1, “Becoming a Professional Counselor: Philosophical, Historical, and Future Considerations,” pages 1–27.
• Chapter 3, “Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling,” pages 66–113.
Use the Library to read the following:
• Colangelo’s 2009 article, “The American Mental Health Counselors Association: Reflection on 30 Historic Years,” from Journal of Counseling & Development, volume 87, issue 2, pages 234–240.
• Kaplan and Gladding’s 2011 article, “A Vision for the Future of Counseling: The 20/20 Principles for Unifying and Strengthening the Profession,” from Journal of Counseling & Development, volume 89, issue 3, pages 367–372.
• Calmes, Piazza, and Laux’s 2013 article, “The Use of Touch in Counseling: An Ethical Decision-Making Model,” from Counseling and Values, volume 58, issue 1, pages 59–68.
• Read the following Web pages:
• American Counseling Association’s Code of Ethics.
• American Counseling Association’s A Practitioner’s Guide to Ethical Decision Making.
Discussion 1: 1 page needed with 2 references.
An Historical Perspective
Discuss how the history and philosophical foundations of counseling have contributed to current trends and professional issues in clinical mental health counseling. Support your points using readings from the unit and at least one additional peer-reviewed article not found in the unit.
Discussion 2: 1 page needed with 2 references.
Sara is a master’s level student at her local university and she participates in her internship at the community mental health center. One of her clients, Hung, a Vietnamese male, currently is in the United States on a work visa. Sara diagnosed Hung with ADHD because he was having difficulty sitting still and staying on task but she did not refer him for a medical evaluation. Hung has been in the United States for the past six weeks. When Hung arrives for his appointment, he frequently says, “Hey Doc!” and gives Sarah a close hug and a kiss on the cheek. Additionally, it is not uncommon for Hung to schedule appointments over his lunch hour. He frequently brings Sara lunch and they eat together. Sara accepts this and feels that it helps to establish a casual mood for their sessions.
• Recently Hung “friend-requested” Sara on Facebook and LinkedIn, both of which she accepted. Sara enjoys talking to Hung and finds him to be good company. Yesterday Hung asked if they could meet at a restaurant instead of eating at the office. Sara felt a little funny about this but she said, “Yes.”
Sara mentions in supervision that counseling with Hung is going well and that she does not feel the need to staff this case. She states that she is using a directive approach. When asked if Hung participated in the treatment plan Sara says, “Yes,” but that his signature is not on the treatment plan form.
Utilizing your text as well as the resources provided in this unit’s studies, complete the following:
• Detail at least three potential ethical violations in this case, and identify current and future potential ethical violations Sara may encounter as a result of her actions.
• Identify the specific ethical standards of the professional organizations and credentialing bodies that apply to your post.