Historical Roots of the Belmont Report

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Examine the Historical Roots of the Belmont Report

Activity Description
Warm-Up Activity 5.1: Little Albert Experiment
Examine the controversy about the Little Albert experiment (resource is located under your weekly resources) to determine whether it was really an experiment or not: The Little Albert Study: What You Know Is…Mostly Wrong

Warm-Up Activity 5.2: Belmont Report
Review the Belmont Report located under your weekly resources.

Warm-Up Activity 5.3: Critical Thinking Skills
Further develop your critical thinking skills through careful reading and application of the principles identified in the following article, located under your weekly resources: Developing as Rational Persons.

Assignment
For this task, you will consider the historical context and influences on the development of the Belmont Report which today governs research using human participants.
After you have completed your readings for the week, prepare a paper that addresses the following:
• Explain why the Belmont report was created.
• Discuss the “Basic Ethical Principles” cited in the Belmont Report.
• Identify the ethical controversies that existed in the following psychological experiments:
• Little Albert
• Milgram’s Obedience
• Zimbardo Prisoner Stanford Experiment
• Explain how the ethical controversies of these experiments might have influenced the need to create the Belmont Report.
• Include your assessment of what basic ethical principles cited in the Belmont Report appear to have been violated in these experiments.
Support your paper with reference to three articles published in peer reviewed journals. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources may be included.
Length: 5-7 pages
Your paper should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts presented in the course by providing new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards. Be sure to adhere to Northcentral University’s Academic Integrity Policy.
Upload your assignment using the Upload Assignment button below.

Main Source:
Benjamin, L.T. (2014). A brief history of modern psychology (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons
9781118206775

Description

Since the Industrial Revolution, the world has experienced major advancements in all spheres of life. Most of these advancements are anchored on scientific research. Scientific research involves structured method of inquisition that leads to discovery of new knowledge.  The contemporary advancement in medicine, technology, education, construction, and many other areas of knowledge traces foundation for scientific research. Despite this progress, scientific research comes with troubling ethical issues.  The beginning of the 20th century ushered the world to an era of intensive scientific research, through which important knowledge, especially in the area of medicine and social services, was generated. However, it also turned out to be one of the most troubling periods in ethical research, because of the use of human subjects in experiments like Little Albert, Milgram’s Obedience, Zimbardo Prisoner Stanford Experiment, and others (Benjamin, 2014). These are the evolving ethical issues during this period that led to the establishment of the Belmont Report by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, which outlines the important ethical principles that should be observed when dealing with human subjects.  This study looks into the historical research and publication of the Belmont Report, including ethical controversies that led to this development.