Historical Perspectives and Use of Assessment Procedures in Counseling

Introduction
Assessment has always played a part in counseling. Whiston (2017) points out the strong relationship that assessment has held within the field of counseling throughout the history of the profession.
This unit will provide an introduction and overview of various tools and procedures used in the assessment process. You will become acquainted with a wide range of how assessments are used in various counseling settings.
Why use assessments, tests, and measures in counseling? If counselors did not measure and use standardized tools, all judgments and conclusions would be subjectively based. Some individuals object that translating human behavior into numbers takes away human dignity and deprives individuals of their identity. Research explores both sides of these claims. Psychological assessments and tests, as this course will discuss, are objective in the scientific sense, in that their reliability, validity, and item difficulty level are usually experimentally determined before they are used widely. The topics of reliability, validity, and other scientific aspects of assessment, tests, and measures will be covered in future units.
Whiston, S. C. (2017). Principles and applications of assessment in counseling (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Objectives
To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:
1. Analyze the role of assessment in counseling practice.
2. Evaluate the role of assessment in counseling.

Learning Activities
Unit 1 Study 1
Assessment in Counseling
Required Reading
Use Principles and Applications of Assessment in Counseling to complete the following:
• Read Chapter 1, “Assessment in Counseling,” pages 1–17.
• Read Chapter 16, “Monitoring and Evaluating Counseling,” pages 328–341.

Discussion 1: 1 page needed with minimum of 250 words and 2 references.
Roles of Assessment
Reflect upon the history of assessment and the counseling field as presented in the assigned reading. How does assessment help to define a counselor’s professional identity? Address the role of assessment in the area of counseling that fits your professional goals. Use the assigned readings and other scholarly sources to support your position.

Discussion 2: 1 page needed with minimum of 250 words and 2 references.
Analysis of Assessment Roles
Choose one of the roles that assessment plays in the counseling field other than initial assessment for treatment. Examples are discussed in Chapter 16 of your text, such as Treatment Monitoring, Evaluation and Accountability, Outcome Assessment, or Data Analysis. Select a scholarly peer-reviewed article from the Library that presents an example of this type of assessment in practice. It may be a case study or a research study that describes and reinforces the role of assessment. Summarize the study and integrate information from the text to illustrate how the article exemplifies the role of assessment.

 

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