Hate crime is legally used to refer to those crimes which occur when criminal acts are perpetrated to target a victim or victims on the basis of membership to a certain social group. The crimes are also referred top as bias or bias motivated crimes. The social group defined here may be defined by religion, nationality, race, sexual orientation, gender, ethnicity, disability, political affiliation or sexual orientation.
Incidents in this crime may involve damage of property, physical assault, verbal abuse, insults, bullying, offensive letters and graffiti. This crime is generally seen to be motivated by hatred and prejudice. Analysts argue that hate crime is more than normal crime because it targets victims based on their inherent identities and discriminates them from enjoying society’s full benefits (Larry and Roger, 2010, p 26).