Gender roles myth


Answer 3 of the following essay questions. Your answers should tie together material from course lectures, the texts, and class discussions. Be specific and use examples to support your arguments. Please number your essays. Each essay question should be 1 to 2 typed pages, double-spaced using 12 pt. font.
Books to reference:
The Gender Knot: Unraveling Our Patriarchal Legacy–Allan G. Johnson (Chap. 1, 2, 3, 4)
Same Difference: How Gender Myths Are Hurting Our Relationships, Our Children, and Our Jobs–Rosalind Barnett, Caryl Rivers: (Chap. 3, 4, 6, 8)

1. What do research findings tell us concerning the biological basis for sex
differences/similarities in behavior? How are Darwinian genetic explanations
(EEA) of gender challenged by cross-cultural evidence provided by
Anthropology? How does understanding the effects of ideology affect our
understanding of the biological arguments for sex differences?

2. What has the study of sexual behavior of males and females taught us concerning gender? Contrast the essentialist, social constructionist, and integrative explanations of sexual desire. Why does it become difficult, perhaps impossible, to support an argument of universal genetic based reasons for how humans choose mates?

3. Why can it be argued that gender roles are a myth? How have human qualities been gendered? What are some of the problems associated with seeing gender in terms of polar opposites? What are the difficulties with treating gender as a “role”?

4. What are the paradoxes of patriarchy? What paradoxes specifically revolve around the fact that patriarchy even exists? What is the “Grand Lie” that patriarchy is grounded in? What are the more serious consequences to men that Johnson addresses in chapter 3? What are the more serious consequences to women that Johnson addresses in chapter 3?




The males, females and intersex individuals in any society have fundamental physiological and physical differences among them. This difference is what is referred to as the “sex” of the individual. The associated primary and secondary traits are also included in the definition of sexes. These sexes are usually accorded with social distinctions. This is what is referred to as gender. In these systems, the gender is given based on the biological sexual identities of the child. Sociology, however, views gender as a social construct. This implies that the cultural norms define the concept as opposed to the acknowledgement of its natural existence from birth. This paper will discuss gender and its impact to the society.