Final Stage of Group

Introduction
The final stage of a group can be both a rewarding and a sad part of the group experience. It is important as a group facilitator to always officially end your group. This process begins by letting group members know a few sessions before the end of the group how many sessions remain. This helps members understand that the time is drawing to a close and prepare to leave the group physically and emotionally. It will be necessary in some groups to spend a great deal of time focusing on the termination of the group and how group members will proceed after the group is finished.
This week you will attend a self-help group in person. Attending a self-help group is an important experience for all counselors.
Often, learners will state that they are uncomfortable or feel dishonest for attending a self-help group that they are not a part of. Remember that you are there to observe and to learn how the group works. You are there to learn more about how you can help your future clients. It is important to remember when having such feelings that this group is not about you; rather, you are here to learn. Disrupting the group dynamics by stating you are a student does not allow you a complete understanding of the process. It is important to remember to be respectful of all who are present at your meeting. Be sure you attend an “open” meeting (i.e., one that is open to the general public). The reason behind attending a self-help group is to understand how they work. The experience you gain will allow you to refer clients to this type of group with greater confidence in the future.
Objectives
To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:
1. Apply major theoretical approaches to group guidance, counseling, and psychotherapy.

• Learning Activities Study 1
Studies Readings
Texts
Use the Corey, Corey, and Corey text to complete the following:
• Read Chapter 9, “Final Stage of a Group,” pages 301–322.
Use the Corey, Corey, and Haynes DVD and workbook to complete the following:
• View the DVD, First program: Evolution of a Group, Ending Stage.
• Workbook pages 53–58.
Articles
• Read Kelly, Myers, Brown, and Myers’s 2005 article, “The Effects of Age Composition of 12-Step Groups on Adolescent 12-Step Participation and Substance Use Outcome,” from Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, volume 15, issue 1, pages 63–72.
• Read Kahler, Read, Ramsey, Stuart, McCrady, and Brown’s 2004 article, “Motivational Enhancement for 12-Step Involvement Among Patients Undergoing Alcohol Detoxification,” from Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, volume 72, issue 4, pages 736–741.
• Read Turner and Saunders’s 1990 article, “Medical Relabeling in Gamblers Anonymous: The Construction of An Ideal Member,” from Small Group Research: An International Journal of Theory, Investigation, and Application, volume 21, issue 1, pages 59–78.

Study 2
Self-Help Group Participation
This week you will attend a self-help group such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Narcotics Anonymous (NA), Gamblers Anonymous (GA), Overeaters Anonymous (OA), Children of Alcoholics (CoA), Al-Anon, etc. During your attendance if you are asked to speak you may indicate “pass” if you are uncomfortable. This includes giving your name. You may tell the group that you are there to learn about the program.
Please remember that you are there to observe and learn how the group works. You are there to learn more about how you can help your future clients. It is important to remember when having such feelings that this group is not about you, that you are here to learn. Disrupting the group dynamics by stating you are a student does not allow you a complete understanding of the process. It is important to remember to be respectful of all who are present at your meeting. Be sure you attend an “open” meeting (that is, one that is open to the general public). The reason behind attending a self-help group is to understand how they work. The experience you gain will allow you to refer clients to this type of group with greater confidence in the future.

Study 3
Online Group Participation
Attend and participate in your online support group at least once this week.

Discussion 1:1 page needed with minimum of 250 words and 2 references.
Self-Help Group Experience
This week you attended a self-help group. Reflect on your personal experience. Be sure to include what group you visited, when, and where. Write about your knowledge of the group prior to going. What did you observe about the group? What did you observe about yourself during and after the group session?

 

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