For the purposes of simplicity and clarity it is vital to elaborate the two aspects of the theme of this essay before delving into the background of child abuse and the child protection in the UK. Every Child Matters is a programme launched by the UK government in 2003 that culminated in the children Act of 2004. The government initiative was a reaction to the death of Victoria Climbié, an eight- year old Ivorian girl who was killed by her guardians in February 2000 in London. The girl is believed to have been abused over time by her aunt Marie-Thérèse Kouao and the aunt’s boyfriend Carl Manning, who were both convicted for the murder. During this period Victoria was hospitalised severally and several organisations that could have saved her life were in contact with her. The death of Victoria led to public outcry and subsequently a public inquiry headed by William Laming was ordered by the government. Both the trial judge trying the case against Victoria’s guardian and the Lamming’s report criticised the organisations in contact with the girl during the period leading to her death. Organisations such as the social services departments of four local authorities, the police, the National Health Service, the National Society for the prevention of cruelty to children (NSPCC) and local churches had noted the signs of Victoria’s abuse. These organisations were accused to have acted incompetently and thus failing to save the girls life in at least twelve occasions partly due to racism (HMSO, 2002).