The population of the European wild boars in the Appalachian Mountains has been experiencing a steady growth since the 1980s. The evolution in the Great Smoky Mountains National park has been relatively slow and their have been a problem in funding that could be ejected in control programs to until the late 1980s. For a long time the studies carried out only focused on the biology characteristics of the wild boar, its production patterns, the feeding habits and the general impact that it has on the environment. Moreover, a major research was carried out to explore the effective ways to enhance the success of trapping the boars around the park. Development of a dependable model of the population has been completed and has proved to be an important resource tool to the management in controlling the population to levels that shall be favorable to the ecosystem. More lessons are being learnt from the current management programs that are significant in leading the efforts to establish more effective control measures. The field has also attracted more researches in the resent past and the implementation of the recommendations has seen major improvement in the program.