Ethics in Photojournalism

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Assignment 2: Summary of a Professional Ethics Article
• 20% of your final mark
• Length: 4 pages
• Submit after completing Unit 4 (approximately 10 weeks into the course).
• Include only explanatory summary; your assignment may be marked down if you go beyond summarizing the arguments and provide an evaluation of the arguments.
1. Choose ONE of the following articles from the Allhoff and Vaidya textbook:
a. Aaron Quinn, “Accepting Manipulation or Manipulating What’s Acceptable?” 280-288.
b. Kenneth Kipnis, “Responsibility for the Distribution of Legal Services,” 432-442.
2. In essay-form, provide an explanatory summary of the author’s moral reasoning by explaining the ethical issue that is addressed by the author, as well as any possible answers to the ethical issue discussed by the author in addition to his own position. In your summary, you should identify the author’s conclusion or resolution to the ethical issue and explain the arguments and reasons offered in support of his position. An accurate summary is the first step in philosophical analysis and should reflect an accurate understanding and clear articulation of the author’s arguments and reasoning.

 

Ref Link: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/body/hippocratic-oath-today.html

Description

In his article “Accepting Manipulating or Manipulating What’s Acceptable?,” Quinn questions the photojournalist practice of editing and manipulating a photo using a computer.  The author acknowledges the importance of computing technology in the development of photojournalism. However, he laments the growing ethical issues where photojournalists use the computer to manipulate different elements of a post-shootphoto, often with the intention of achieving dubious results. Photo editing and image manipulation are two old age practices, which are sometimes used to get the desired results, implying that it is not bad unless done with devious motives. Quinn feels that the computer has aided photojournalists to circumvent the journalism code of ethics. It is a deliberate choice made by photojournalists every time they lift a camera to shoot, and later take the photo through the editing process. Therefore, Quinn proposes a solution that exploits ethical use of best computer attributes. The proposed solution is grounded on a thread of ethical theory of consequentialism, deontology, and virtue theory.