Ethical Practice in a Multicultural Society

Introduction
Professional counselors are expected to be culturally competent. The ACA Code of Ethics highlights multicultural competence as a key aspect of ethical practice. Chapter 3 of the course text reviews the evolution of multicultural counseling and the ethical issues that may arise when working with clients from a wide range of social-cultural backgrounds. The text also addresses working with clients or students who are victims of discrimination, family law as it impacts gay and lesbian clients or students, and cultural issues that may emerge when doing crisis counseling.
Client and student rights and counselor responsibilities are the other main topics addressed in this unit. These are complex topics, covering areas from values conflicts to informed consent. Appendix C of the course text includes several examples of counseling disclosure and agreement forms. Also introduced in this unit are HIPAA requirements and other aspects of informed consent and disclosure of personal information.
Objectives
To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:
1. Describe strategies to achieve multicultural competence through self-awareness, knowledge, and skills.
2. Conduct research to find ethical codes and state laws and determine the appropriate response to a specific ethical or legal dilemma within a counseling setting.

• Learning Activities
Study 1 Studies Readings
Use your Ethical, Legal, and Professional Issues in Counseling text to complete the following:
• Read Chapter 3, “Ethical Practice, Multicultural Competence, and Social Justice,” pages 57–77.
• Read Chapter 4, “Client Rights and Counselor Responsibilities,” pages 80–105.
• Read Appendix C, “Counseling Disclosure and Agreement Forms,” pages 430–437.
Use the Library to read the following:
• Watson, Herlihy, and Pierce’s 2006 article, “Forging the Link Between Multicultural Competence and Ethical Counseling Practice: A Historical Perspective,” from Counseling and Values, volume 50, issue 2, pages 99–107.
• Toporek and Reza’s 2001 article, “Context as a Critical Dimension of Multicultural Counseling: Articulating Personal, Professional, and Institutional Competence,” from Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, volume 29, issue 1, pages 13–30.
Use the Library to read one of the following:
• Liu and Clay’s 2002 article, “Multicultural Counseling Competencies: Guidelines in Working with Children and Adolescents,” from Journal of Mental Health Counseling, volume 24, issue 2, pages 177–187.
• Holcomb-McCoy’s 2004 article, “Assessing the Multicultural Competence of School Counselors: A Checklist,” from Professional School Counseling, volume 7, issue 3, pages 178–186.
• Smith, Foley, and Chaney’s 2008 article, “Addressing Classism, Ableism, and Heterosexism in counselor education,” from Journal of Counseling & Development, volume 86, issue 3, pages 303–309.
• Weld and Eriksen’s 2007 article, “The Ethics of Prayer in Counseling,” from Counseling and Values, volume 51, issue 2, pages 125–138.
Use the Internet to review the following:
• American Counseling Association’s Code of Ethics. On the Web site’s Ethics page, click the “ACA Code of Ethics” PDF link to access the Code of Ethics.

Discussion 1: 1 page needed with two references.
Multicultural Competence and Ethics
Resources
In Chapter 3, your Ethical, Legal, and Professional Issues in Counseling text identifies three goals of multicultural competence: self-awareness, knowledge, and skills (Remley & Herlihy, 2014).
1. Describe how multicultural competence is an ethical issue and why you need to consider this in your identity and practice as a professional counselor.
2. Describe how each of these goals contributes to multicultural competence. Provide a specific example to illustrate how you plan to implement each goal in your professional development.
Support your ideas with references to the professional literature.
Remley, T. P., Jr., & Herlihy, B. P. (2014). Ethical, legal, and professional issues in counseling (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Discussion 2: 1 page needed with two references.
Multicultural Competence – Case Study
Resources.
Select one of the case vignettes from the Multicultural Competence – Case Study interactive piece in this unit’s study for this discussion, and imagine that you are the counselor working with the client(s) or student in this situation. Case Study Selected Below for the assignment.

Addiction Counseling
Juan is a 23-year-old man who was mandated to counseling after selling a small amount of cocaine and marijuana to an undercover police officer. Juan is a college graduate with a business degree but describes not being able to get a “legal” job after searching for over a year. He states that he infrequently uses drugs himself and that he sees nothing wrong with selling drugs. He believes that he is a scapegoat in the U.S.’s “war on drugs” and claims he would not be able to earn a living if there were no market for his product. He also reports that this is the only way he can send money home to his family in Colombia; his younger brothers and sisters have been able to remain in school because of his support.

Identify the areas of multicultural competence needed for working with this student or client(s):
1. In terms of self-awareness, how would your own personal identity, values, and beliefs impact your reaction to the student or client(s) and any biases or assumptions you may have about the student or client(s) and the presenting issues?
2. What knowledge would you need in order to provide effective counseling in this situation?
3. What culturally-appropriate skills or intervention strategies would you need to develop in order to work with the student or client(s)?
Provide specific examples to illustrate your ideas, and support your discussion with references to the professional literature.

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Description

Ethical Practice in a Multicultural Society

Ethical Practice in a Multicultural Society

ANSWER


Introduction
Professional counselors are expected to be culturally competent. The ACA Code of Ethics highlights multicultural competence as a key aspect of ethical practice. Chapter 3 of the course text reviews the evolution of multicultural counseling and the ethical issues that may arise when working with clients from a wide range of social-cultural backgrounds. The text also addresses working with clients or students who are victims of discrimination, family law as it impacts gay and lesbian clients or students, and cultural issues that may emerge when doing crisis counseling.
Client and student rights and counselor responsibilities are the other main topics addressed in this unit. These are complex topics, covering areas from values conflicts to informed consent. Appendix C of the course text includes several examples of counseling disclosure and agreement forms. Also introduced in this unit are HIPAA requirements and other aspects of informed consent and disclosure of personal information.
Objectives
To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:
1. Describe strategies to achieve multicultural competence through self-awareness, knowledge, and skills.
2. Conduct research to find ethical codes and state laws and determine the appropriate response to a specific ethical or legal dilemma within a counseling setting.

• Learning Activities
Study 1 Studies Readings
Use your Ethical, Legal, and Professional Issues in Counseling text to complete the following:
• Read Chapter 3, “Ethical Practice, Multicultural Competence, and Social Justice,” pages 57–77.
• Read Chapter 4, “Client Rights and Counselor Responsibilities,” pages 80–105.
• Read Appendix C, “Counseling Disclosure and Agreement Forms,” pages 430–437.
Use the Library to read the following:
• Watson, Herlihy, and Pierce’s 2006 article, “Forging the Link Between Multicultural Competence and Ethical Counseling Practice: A Historical Perspective,” from Counseling and Values, volume 50, issue 2, pages 99–107.
• Toporek and Reza’s 2001 article, “Context as a Critical Dimension of Multicultural Counseling: Articulating Personal, Professional, and Institutional Competence,” from Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, volume 29, issue 1, pages 13–30.
Use the Library to read one of the following:
• Liu and Clay’s 2002 article, “Multicultural Counseling Competencies: Guidelines in Working with Children and Adolescents,” from Journal of Mental Health Counseling, volume 24, issue 2, pages 177–187.
• Holcomb-McCoy’s 2004 article, “Assessing the Multicultural Competence of School Counselors: A Checklist,” from Professional School Counseling, volume 7, issue 3, pages 178–186.
• Smith, Foley, and Chaney’s 2008 article, “Addressing Classism, Ableism, and Heterosexism in counselor education,” from Journal of Counseling & Development, volume 86, issue 3, pages 303–309.
• Weld and Eriksen’s 2007 article, “The Ethics of Prayer in Counseling,” from Counseling and Values, volume 51, issue 2, pages 125–138.
Use the Internet to review the following:
• American Counseling Association’s Code of Ethics. On the Web site’s Ethics page, click the “ACA Code of Ethics” PDF link to access the Code of Ethics.

Discussion 1: 1 page needed with two references.
Multicultural Competence and Ethics
Resources
In Chapter 3, your Ethical, Legal, and Professional Issues in Counseling text identifies three goals of multicultural competence: self-awareness, knowledge, and skills (Remley & Herlihy, 2014).
1. Describe how multicultural competence is an ethical issue and why you need to consider this in your identity and practice as a professional counselor.
2. Describe how each of these goals contributes to multicultural competence. Provide a specific example to illustrate how you plan to implement each goal in your professional development.
Support your ideas with references to the professional literature.
Remley, T. P., Jr., & Herlihy, B. P. (2014). Ethical, legal, and professional issues in counseling (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Discussion 2: 1 page needed with two references.
Multicultural Competence – Case Study
Resources.
Select one of the case vignettes from the Multicultural Competence – Case Study interactive piece in this unit’s study for this discussion, and imagine that you are the counselor working with the client(s) or student in this situation. Case Study Selected Below for the assignment.

Ethical Practice in a Multicultural Society

Addiction Counseling
Juan is a 23-year-old man who was mandated to counseling after selling a small amount of cocaine and marijuana to an undercover police officer. Juan is a college graduate with a business degree but describes not being able to get a “legal” job after searching for over a year. He states that he infrequently uses drugs himself and that he sees nothing wrong with selling drugs. He believes that he is a scapegoat in the U.S.’s “war on drugs” and claims he would not be able to earn a living if there were no market for his product. He also reports that this is the only way he can send money home to his family in Colombia; his younger brothers and sisters have been able to remain in school because of his support.

Identify the areas of multicultural competence needed for working with this student or client(s):
1. In terms of self-awareness, how would your own personal identity, values, and beliefs impact your reaction to the student or client(s) and any biases or assumptions you may have about the student or client(s) and the presenting issues?
2. What knowledge would you need in order to provide effective counseling in this situation?
3. What culturally-appropriate skills or intervention strategies would you need to develop in order to work with the student or client(s)?
Provide specific examples to illustrate your ideas, and support your discussion with references to the professional literature.