Ethical- Legal-and Multicultural Considerations in Counseling Research

Introduction
The American Counseling Association Code of Ethics (2014, section G) consists of detailed mandates regarding counseling research and publishing, stating that “counselors support the efforts of researchers by participating fully and willingly whenever possible. Counselors minimize bias and respect diversity in designing and implementing research.”
Ethics in Research
One of the ways to monitor research ethics and sensitivity to cultural issues is through an Institutional Review Board (IRB), which reviews proposed research with respect to each of the key ethical considerations. The IRB’s goal is to prevent harm to human participants. Your knowledge of legal and ethical standards, awareness and sensitivity to issues of diversity related to the conduct of research and your professional practice, and your ability to access sources of information on legal, ethical, and cultural issues, are all essential to being a scholar-practitioner. Awareness of your own cultural perspective and biases will help you to be more sensitive in working with those who come from different racial, ethnic, gender, socioeconomic, or religious backgrounds. Ultimately, you must be able to engage in ethical reasoning as you plan and make decisions about the methods and design you select, should you choose to engage in research involving human participants.
References
American Counseling Association (2014). ACA Code of Ethics. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.
Objectives
To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:
1. Apply ethical and cultural considerations to research studies.
2. Identify sources for legal and ethical codes of conduct in research.

Learning Activities
Unit 8 Study 1
Ethical, Legal, and Cultural Consideration
Readings
Use your Counseling Research: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods text to read the following:
• Chapter 17, “Ethical Considerations in the Practice of Research,” pages 249–261.
• Chapter 18, “Multicultural Issues in Research,” pages 262–273.
Internet article
Use the Internet to complete the following article:
• Read the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research’s “The Belmont Report.”

Optional Resources
Read the code of ethics for your professional field and the APA Publication Manual to help better understand ethics in the field and to prepare for your upcoming assignment.
• The American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy’s Code of Ethics.
• The American Counseling Association’s 2014 ACA Code of Ethics.
• The American School Counselor Association’s Ethical Standards for School Counselors.
• Read Chapter 1 and Section 8.04 of Chapter 8 of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, regarding ethics and legal considerations.

DISCUSSION 1: 1 Page needed with 350 words and two references.
Application: Ethical and Cultural Considerations
After completing the study activities in this unit, discuss how you will apply two ethical principles and two cultural considerations to your pre-proposal assignment. The suggested length of this post is 300–400 words.

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Ethical- Legal-and Multicultural Considerations in Counseling Research

Ethical- Legal-and Multicultural Considerations in Counseling Research

ANSWER


Introduction
The American Counseling Association Code of Ethics (2014, section G) consists of detailed mandates regarding counseling research and publishing, stating that “counselors support the efforts of researchers by participating fully and willingly whenever possible. Counselors minimize bias and respect diversity in designing and implementing research.”
Ethics in Research
One of the ways to monitor research ethics and sensitivity to cultural issues is through an Institutional Review Board (IRB), which reviews proposed research with respect to each of the key ethical considerations. The IRB’s goal is to prevent harm to human participants. Your knowledge of legal and ethical standards, awareness and sensitivity to issues of diversity related to the conduct of research and your professional practice, and your ability to access sources of information on legal, ethical, and cultural issues, are all essential to being a scholar-practitioner. Awareness of your own cultural perspective and biases will help you to be more sensitive in working with those who come from different racial, ethnic, gender, socioeconomic, or religious backgrounds. Ultimately, you must be able to engage in ethical reasoning as you plan and make decisions about the methods and design you select, should you choose to engage in research involving human participants.
References
American Counseling Association (2014). ACA Code of Ethics. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.
Objectives
To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:
1. Apply ethical and cultural considerations to research studies.
2. Identify sources for legal and ethical codes of conduct in research.

Learning Activities
Unit 8 Study 1
Ethical, Legal, and Cultural Consideration
Readings
Use your Counseling Research: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods text to read the following:
• Chapter 17, “Ethical Considerations in the Practice of Research,” pages 249–261.
• Chapter 18, “Multicultural Issues in Research,” pages 262–273.
Internet article
Use the Internet to complete the following article:
• Read the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research’s “The Belmont Report.”

Optional Resources
Read the code of ethics for your professional field and the APA Publication Manual to help better understand ethics in the field and to prepare for your upcoming assignment.
• The American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy’s Code of Ethics.
• The American Counseling Association’s 2014 ACA Code of Ethics.
• The American School Counselor Association’s Ethical Standards for School Counselors.
• Read Chapter 1 and Section 8.04 of Chapter 8 of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, regarding ethics and legal considerations.

DISCUSSION 1: 1 Page needed with 350 words and two references.
Application: Ethical and Cultural Considerations
After completing the study activities in this unit, discuss how you will apply two ethical principles and two cultural considerations to your pre-proposal assignment. The suggested length of this post is 300–400 words.