Ethical and Multicultural Implications in Assessment

Introduction
In this unit, you will explore the relevant ethical codes and federal regulations regarding assessment. The federal regulations apply to using assessments with diverse populations. The purpose of reviewing the relevant professional standards is to gain a strong foundation of the principles that guide counselors toward the competent use of assessment. These principles challenge counselors to assess their competence in the use of specific assessment tools. Additional resources are listed so that you may explore this issue in greater depth and to provide an opportunity to gain clarity regarding relevant considerations in assessing competence.
You will analyze the challenges faced by counselors to make culturally competent decisions regarding assessments, tests, and measures. Certain tests are more suited to particular areas of practice and different populations. When choosing a test for a special population, the ethical guidelines for test usage are a major consideration. The Americans with Disabilities Act has specific requirements for the counselor administering the test as well as special arrangements for how and where the test is administered. It is critical to determine the impact that a failure to consider ethical and cultural diversity issues, and language barriers, can have on the assessment process.
Important ethical and social issues are involved in the competence of the counselor to use the various available assessment instruments. Client welfare issues are taken into account in test consideration, privacy, confidentiality, and gender bias. Awareness of the methods by which publishers have attempted to eliminate, or reduce, gender bias is important.
Objectives
To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:
1. Analyze qualification levels for administering assessment instruments.
2. Evaluate the use of specific assessment tools in diverse populations.

Learning Activities
Unit 2 Study 1
Ethical Issues in Counseling
Required Readings
Use Principles and Applications of Assessment in Counseling to complete the following:
• Read Chapter 5, “Ethical and Legal Issues in Assessment,” pages 78–95.
• Read Chapter 6, “Issues Related to Assessment with Diverse Populations,” pages 96–118.
Use the Library and the Internet to complete the following:
• Read Naugle’s 2009 article, “Counseling and Testing: What Counselors Need to Know About State Laws on Assessment and Testing” in Measurement & Evaluation in Counseling & Development, volume 42, issue 1, pages 31–45.
• Read Arbisi’s 2001 article, “Review of the Beck Depression Inventory-II” in The Fourteenth Mental Measurements Yearbook.
• Read Farmer’s 2001 article, “Review of the Beck Depression Inventory-II” in The Fourteenth Mental Measurements Yearbook. Important: Farmer’s review is underneath Arbisi’s review on the same page.
• Read the American Counseling Association Code of Ethics.
• Scan the standards or code of ethics related to your profession or field of study:
o American School Counselor Association Ethical Standards for School Counselors.
o American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT) Code of Ethics.
o Ethical Code for International Association of Marriage and Family Counselors.
• Scan the Masters in Counseling: Research Guide from the Capella University librarians.
Optional Readings
If you choose, complete the following:
• Read Acevedo-Polakovich, Reynaga-Abiko, Garriott, Derefinko, Wimsatt, Gudonis, and Brown’s 2007 article, “Beyond Instrument Selection: Cultural Considerations in the Psychological Assessment of U.S. Latinas/os,” from Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, volume 38, issue 4, pages 375–384.
• Read Gudmundsson’s 2009 article, “Guidelines for Translating and Adapting Psychological Instruments from Nordic Psychology,” volume 61, issue 2, pages 29–45.
Discussion 1: 1 page needed with minimum of 250 words and 2 references.
Assessment Qualification Levels
Review the qualification levels for the use of psychological assessment presented in Naugle’s “Counseling and Testing” in this unit’s study activity. Compare these qualifications to the professional activities covered in the license or certification you intend to seek. Keeping in mind that these rules vary from state to state, describe the types of assessments that you may be qualified to administer with appropriate training and supervision, after you obtain your licensure or certification in your state. As best you understand, what does appropriate training and supervision entail for Level A, B, and C tests?

Discussion 2: 1 page needed with minimum of 250 words and 2 references.
Reviewing Assessment Tools
After you have read Arbisi’s and Farmer’s reviews of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), compare each author’s evaluation of assessment applicability to specific populations. What weaknesses are revealed about the development of the test? To what degree do these issues warrant cautions regarding the use of the BDI-II with diverse populations? Refer to the code of ethics for your profession (ACA Code of Ethics, AAMFT Code of Ethics, or ASCA Code of Ethics) in your response.

 

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