The present image of Japan is presented ambiguously by the Western eyes. There has been political transformation from Tokugawa period to Mejji regime which was specifically brought about by certain scholars. There was pervasive bureaucracy whereby bureaucratic effectiveness was considered as the national wellbeing of the country. The modern Japan has been able to emerge as a powerful industrialized nation because of the aspect of bureacratism. In this case, the modern economic success of Japan is rooted deep in the traditional soils whereby before the World War II, the country underwent a considerable political transformation. The Tokugawa period which is also referred to as the traditional modern had a political structure that ensured that there is bureaucratic order. The political transformation of Japan from Tokugawa period to Mejjio regime can best be explained by addressing the works of scholars like Ogyu Sorai, Dazai Shudai, Aizawa Aeishisai, Fukuzawa Yukichi, Yoshida Shoin, and Ito Hirobumi.