EPIDEMIOLOGY OF DIABETES

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EPIDEMIOLOGY OF DIABETES

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF DIABETES

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According to World Health Organization, Diabetes can be described as a range of disorders which impair ability of the body to produce or utilize insulin results to elevated or deficiency in blood glucose. It is as metabolic disorders which may result from a combination of hereditary and environmental factors which reduces the ability of the body cells to produce or utilized insulin. Insulin, produced by the pancreases is the main hormone of that controls a complex body mechanism involved in the uptake of glucose from blood to the cells.   Diabetes is on the rise in the world and it has been classified as one of the leading causes of increased mortality. Diabetes has for long been considered as a primary risk for the development of heart disease but today, it has become a high profile public health issue especially with the increasing change in life style. The escalating incidences of both Type I and Type II diabetes in the wide spectrum of the population has raised serious issues regarding the ability of the world to contain this emerging killer disease. Even with increase research regarding the epidemiology, etiology and the health and economical effect of the diseases, the program that have been instituted are short of tackling the real threat that is posed by the disease. Initially, higher prevalence of diabetes was observed in the western world mainly due to the change in lifestyle and dieting habits. However, there has been a major shift in the rate of prevalence with studies showing increased prevalence in the emerging countries which are being westernized. Unlike in the developed world where there are programs to mitigate the effects of the disease, the developing world  are faced with the double burden  of  treating the affected and  putting in place programs that increase public awareness of  the disease.  However, in both developed and developing world, diabetes has come with a heavy burden not only in medical expenses but in other spheres like social care of the affected and reduced productivity of the diabetes patients.