As defined by Bolt (2002), earthquake is the trembling or shaking of the earth’s surface caused by sudden release of energy. The processes involved in earthquake are associated with faulting and breaking of rocks on the earth’s surface. Earthquakes have caused a lot of havoc to human life and more specifically loss of lives. Statistics carried on various earthquakes phenomenon shows that, over the past three centuries more than three million people have lost their lives as a result of earthquakes and related disasters (Bolt, 2002). Alongside losses of lives, earthquakes are responsible for magnificent economic losses due to the destruction of human and natural structures. Research done by geographers and engineers on earthquakes has identified many human and natural factors which influence the extent of earthquakes. Specifically, the Haiti earthquake in the year 2010 has been a great disaster which drew global attention due to the magnitude of the consequences of the earthquakes. The concept of the role of civil and electrical engineering in response to earthquakes has been hotly discussed following the Haiti 2010 earthquake. This is based on the facts that, civil and electrical engineering had a great significance on the extent of the impacts of the earthquake. This paper will profoundly discuss the concept of earthquakes alongside the aspect of civil and electrical engineering in response to earthquakes (Bolt, 2002).